Hrvatska Agencija za Paranormalne Pojave
 
HomeHome  PortalPortal  GalleryGallery  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  Log inLog in  

Share
 

 NASA's Kepler Mission Discovers Two Planets Transiting Same Star

Go down 
AuthorMessage
Man in Black

Man in Black

Female Number of posts : 1450
Age : 33
Registration date : 2009-01-28

NASA's Kepler Mission Discovers Two Planets Transiting Same Star  Empty
PostSubject: NASA's Kepler Mission Discovers Two Planets Transiting Same Star    NASA's Kepler Mission Discovers Two Planets Transiting Same Star  Icon_minitimeWed Sep 29, 2010 2:55 am

NASA's Kepler spacecraft has discovered the first confirmed planetary system with more than one planet crossing in front of, or transiting, the same star.The transit signatures of two distinct planets were seen in the data for the sun-like star designated Kepler-9. The planets were named Kepler-9b and 9c. The discovery incorporates seven months of observations of more than 156,000 stars as part of an ongoing search for Earth-sized planets outside our solar system. The findings will be published in Thursday's issue of the journal Science.

Kepler's ultra-precise camera measures tiny decreases in the stars' brightness that occur when a planet transits them. The size of the planet can be derived from these temporary dips.

The distance of the planet from the star can be calculated by measuring the time between successive dips as the planet orbits the star. Small variations in the regularity of these dips can be used to determine the masses of planets and detect other non-transiting planets in the system.

In June, mission scientists submitted findings for peer review that identified more than 700 planet candidates in the first 43 days of Kepler data. The data included five additional candidate systems that appear to exhibit more than one transiting planet. The Kepler team recently identified a sixth target exhibiting multiple transits and accumulated enough follow-up data to confirm this multi-planet system. Scientists refined the estimates of the masses of the planets using observations from the W.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii. The observations show Kepler-9b is the larger of the two planets, and both have masses similar to but less than Saturn. Kepler-9b lies closest to the star with an orbit of about 19 days, while Kepler-9c has an orbit of about 38 days. By observing several transits by each planet over the seven months of data, the time between successive transits could be analyzed.

In addition to the two confirmed giant planets, Kepler scientists also have identified what appears to be a third, much smaller transit signature in the observations of Kepler-9. That signature is consistent with the transits of a super-Earth-sized planet about 1.5 times the radius of Earth in a scorching, near-sun 1.6 day-orbit. Additional observations are required to determine whether this signal is indeed a planet or an astronomical phenomenon that mimics the appearance of a transit.

For more information about the Kepler mission, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/kepler/main/index.html
Back to top Go down
 
NASA's Kepler Mission Discovers Two Planets Transiting Same Star
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» Kepler-410 - A Neptune around a bright star
» The SPICA Space Telescope
» Finding orbital eccentricity through transit light curves
» The return of HD 8673

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
 :: Non-Croatian Forum :: Astronomy-
Jump to: